The European Union and its members

Memberstates of the European Union

(Date of Membership)

  • Germany (1957)
  • Austria (1995)
  • Bulgaria (2007)
  • Cyprus (2004)
  • Belgium (1957)
  • Croatia (2013)
  • Danemark (1973)
  • Spain (1986)
  • Estonia (2004)
  • Finland(1995)
  • France (1957)
  • Greece(1981)
  • Hungary (2004)
  • Ireland (1973)
  • Italy(1957)
  • Latvia (2004)
  • Lithuania(2004)
  • Luxemburg (1957)
  • Malta (2004)
  • Netherlands (1957)
  • Poland (2004)
  • Portugal(1986)
  • Czech Republic (2004)
  • Rumania(2007)
  • United Kingdom (1973)
  • Slovakia (2004)
  • Slovenia (2004)
  • Sweden (1995)

The further extension of the European Union is open for each country belonging to the EU. The conditions on becoming a member of the EU are written in the standards of Copenhagen as well as in the contract of Maastricht.

Currently, there are 5 candidates competing for a membership:

  • Turkey

  • Macedonia

  • Iceland

  • Montenegro

  • Serbia

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